An Easy Guide to Setting Up a Hydroponics System

Hydroponics is a unique way for indoor growers to produce all sorts of plants, including vegetables, fruits, and cannabis. Hydroponic systems are conducive to healthy plant growth and are ideal for indoor grow rooms. With this guide, you will learn how to set up a hydroponic system with ease.

What are the Benefits of Hydroponic Systems?

There are many benefits to growing with a hydroponic system. If you have been considering different growing options, hydroponics is undoubtedly beneficial in many ways. Consider the following benefits of using a hydroponic system:

  • When plants are grown in a hydroponic system, water usage will be up to 90% more efficient, which is an important consideration given the ecological benefit.
  • Many people are surprised plants can grow up to twice as fast when they are grown in a hydroponic system. This rate of growth is increased because of the viability of the nutrients being transported by water.
  • By using a hydroponic system, indoor growers can grow in urban areas where there are no farm plots available. This type of growing system makes farming accessible to all.
  • Another benefit of growing with a hydroponic system is there is no need for chemical pest control additives.
  • When individuals grow with hydroponics, they do not have to worry about weeds growing.

Step-By-Step Guide for Setting Up a Hydroponic System

While there will be some costs involved in the initial setup of a hydroponic system, the system will end up paying for itself in a short amount of time. Hydroponic systems do not need to be complicated to work efficiently, and they certainly do not need to be expensive. With this step-by-step guide, setting up your own hydroponic system will be straightforward.

Determine the Right Location

One of the first steps you will need to take is to determine the right location. The location you choose should be entirely level to ensure each plant receives the same amount of water and nutrients. Indoor hydroponic systems will require a light source. If you decide to set up the system outdoors, it will need to be protected by the elements and should be brought inside when temperatures drop, so the water in the system doesn’t freeze.

Gather the Materials

There are a few materials and supplies that will be needed to construct the system. It is wise to have everything on hand before beginning the project, so there are no interruptions. You will need the following supplies for a small hydroponic setup:

  • A 50-gallon nutrient tank
  • Pump and manifold
  • Six 6-inch PVC pipes (Cut to the length of your choosing)
  • Several one inch PVC pipes to construct a table and drain system
  • pH testing kit
  • Bucket
  • Garden hose
  • Plant clips
  • Clay pebbles or another growing medium
  • Trellis system
  • Water
  • Plants
  • Twine
  • Fertilizer

There are many ways you can construct your growing system. Hydroponic plans can be set up in a variety of styles and different sizes. Once you have a plan, the assembly process is straightforward and shouldn’t take much effort. Follow these steps to get your hydroponic system up and running efficiently:

  1. Assemble the hydroponic system according to the plan you are following. If you are new to hydroponics, it would be wise to stick with something simple as you gain experience.
  2. Next, you will need to fill the fifty-gallon tank with water and add the nutrients. You should follow the directions on the nutrient brand you are using. In most cases, you will add two cups of nutrients to a fifty-gallon tank of water.
  3. Turn the pump on, and it let it run for about thirty minutes to ensure the nutrients thoroughly mix with the water.
  4. The easiest way to grow plants in a hydroponic system is to use seedlings. If the seedlings were grown in soil, it is vital to rinse the root systems using lukewarm water. Using water that is too hot or cold could lead to plant shock. If you do not rinse the soil from the roots, it could end up clogging the drain system.
  5. Place the plants in the openings and add clay pebbles to stabilize the plants and hold them in place. The reason clay pebbles are so advantageous in hydroponic systems is they are lightweight enough not to cause damage to the delicate roots of the plants.
  6. Next, you will use twine and the plant clips to attach the plants to the trellis system. By using string, the plants will grow straight, instead of branching out, which will allow for more growing space.
  7. Finally, you can turn on the pump. Make sure to check the water levels regularly, especially if you are growing outside. Check the pH of the system once a week and add new nutrients as required.

You will need to monitor plant growth carefully and regularly, checking for any signs of disease or pest invasions.


Whether growing indoors or out, hydroponic systems offer a range of benefits for all types of plants including vegetables, fruits, and cannabis. Hydroponic systems provide the option to grow a small garden vertically, maximizing the space.

It is vital to carefully research different hydroponic systems and the associated plans to ensure you choose the right one for your needs and location. Hydroponic systems are easy to maintain and reduce water usage, which is important given the worldwide freshwater conservancy goals.

Once your system has been built, check the water levels, pH, and nutrients regularly. Never allow the tank to go dry or the pump will be destroyed. Remember to bring the system indoors in the colder months to prevent water freezing and damaging the system.

With proper maintenance, hydroponic systems can operate effectively for many years. All it takes is a little time and patience, and your hydroponic system will do most all the hard work.

Hydroponics System